One of the most interesting sites in this Brazilian city is the famous statue of “Christ the Redeemer” over the Corcovado mountain. This enormous statue at Rio de Janeiro has been just declared as a New Seven Wonders of the World. The Maracana Stadium also happens to be one of the most popular attractions in this city being among the biggest football stadiums in the world. Rio is also home to two biggest forests within a metropolitan area, these forests being the White Stone State Park or the Parque Estadual de Pedra Branca, and the Tijuca Forest or the Floresta da Tijuca.
On the 20th of January in 1502, the Portuguese explorers on their expedition guided by Gaspar de Lemos, arrived at the Guanabara Bay. Rio de Janeiro was thus named “January River”. According to a famous legend, the place was named like these by the mariners as they considered the bay’s mouth to be a river’s mouth. This city, covering almost 1,182.3 square km of area, holds a population of near about 12 million, the citizens being called Cariocas. Rio de Janeiro enjoys a tropical climate and temperature here remains at an average of 40°C in the inner parts of the city, 21°C being the minimum average temperature and 27°C being the maximum mean temperature.