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London, the capital of UK, derived its name from the historic City of London. Still having its medieval limits, London has remained a primary settlement for two long millennia and is at present, known as one of the most important cultural, financial and business centers in the world with also having a prominent position in the areas of media, education, politics, fashion, entertainment and arts. The famous global city of the UK, drawing peoples from diverse religions and cultures, has a population of about 12 to 14 million.
London is also one of the major international transport hubs having five important international airports and a major port and being home to the biggest focus city for the airline companies of the world. The Heathrow Airport with its numerous terminals happens to be serving the maximum number of international passengers in the world.

London is one of the primary tourist destinations in UK having many royal parks, four famous historic sites and innumerable sites like the Houses of Parliament, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London, Tower Bridge, London Eye, the National Gallery and the British Museum. With the Thames River running across the city, London is also famous for its popular shopping hubs, vibrant nightlife and other interesting venues. Administration of Greater London is in the hands of the Greater London Authority, the Greater London Urban Area being spread across almost the same amount of area as Greater London and has more population than that of Greater London. Ahead of this lies the expansive London commuter belt. The small historic City of London, popularly called “Square Mile” or “The City”, is located at the heart of London. The City of Westminster and the City of London possess UK’s City status.
The City of London along with the other parts of Greater London, has got the status of ceremonial counties. The Thames along with the Thames Valley enclosed by the undulating hills like Addington Hills, Parliament Hill and Primrose Hill, is the most important physical feature of London. This European city does not embody any specific architectural style having buildings that were built over the years influenced by numerous architectural approaches. In 43 A.D. the Romans were the first to form a settlement in London, this being known as Londinium. London Underground with its twelve interlinked lines, the City & South London Railway, the docklands Light Railway, London Bus Network, London Heathrow Airport, London Gatwick Airport, London Luton Airport and London Stansted Airport are the major means of transportation in London.

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